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July has been a popular month for uprisings and revolts. Many annual July celebrations, such as Bastille Day in France and Independence Day in the United States, commemorate battles or events that were significant attempts to change the government. In other countries, Vladimir Lenin led an unsuccessful revolt in Russia in July 1917 before the October Revolution, an uprising in July 1936 led to the Spanish Civil War, a group led by Gamal Abdel Nasser overthrew the monarchy in Egypt in July 1952, and Fidel Castro led an attack on military barracks in Cuba in July 1953, to name a few. Click on the links below to explore Britannica's coverage of these topics.

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Biographies of the American Revolution

Biographies of the American Revolution

The agents of the American Revolution included soldiers and generals who fought on the frontlines, statesmen who fought behind the scenes, and ordinary individuals who contributed what they could to the cause of freedom. Readers discover some of the notable military and political leaders of Revolution as well as some of the lesser-known figures instrumental to securing the country’s future.Preview this e-book now. E-mail us at to learn more.

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